Distribution and Determinants of Obesity among Adults Attending Health Facilities of a Medical College in Ujjain

Main Article Content

Kirti Deshpande
Archit Khardenavis


Introduction: Obesity is a significant risk factor for various serious health conditions, including
hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancers. With increasing socio-economic status
and life expectancy in India, the prevalence of obesity is on the rise, contributing to the burden of
lifestyle-related disorders. This study aims to investigate the distribution and determinants of obesity
among apparently healthy adults attending health facilities in a medical college located in a rural area
adjoining Ujjain city.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted within the field practice area of the Department of
Community Medicine at R.D. Gardi Medical College. A sample size of 354 participants was determined
and data was collected through structured interviews covering socio-demographic information,
medical history, anthropometric measurements, and determinants of health. Body mass index (BMI)
was computed and participants were classified based on established cut-off points for Asian Indians.
Results: Out of 310 fully completed questionnaires, 47.4% of participants were overweight or obese.
Age was significantly associated with obesity, with prevalence increasing from 34.1% in the 18 to 30
age group to 75% in participants over 60 years. Urban residents had a higher prevalence of obesity
compared to rural residents (53.8 vs 44.1%). Higher educational status, overeating between meals, and
watching television while eating was significantly associated with obesity. Physical inactivity was more
prevalent among overweight or obese participants (59.7 vs 26.3%).
Conclusion: The study finds the need for tailored interventions to combat obesity, especially among
females, older individuals, urban residents, and those with higher education. Addressing lifestyle
factors such as overeating and sedentary behavior is essential in the battle against obesity and associated
chronic diseases.

Article Details

How to Cite
Deshpande, K., & Khardenavis, A. (2023). Distribution and Determinants of Obesity among Adults Attending Health Facilities of a Medical College in Ujjain. Central India Journal of Medical Research, 2(03), 17–21. https://doi.org/10.58999/cijmr.v2i03.146
Original Research Articles
Author Biographies

Kirti Deshpande, Department of Community Medicine, RD Gardi Medical College, Ujjain, MP, India

Professor, Community Medicine


Senior Resident, Community Medicine


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